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Each section has a hyperlink to the corresponding page (pop-up in a new window).










Aarhus Architecture School’s PhD Call 

Research motivations

Reader’s guide to the monograph

The online format of the research – Website and Kumu map

Articles written (and published) during the PhD

Language use



Introduction to Part I

1.1      PhD Call – Research questions

1.2     ‘Situated Knowledge’: During my PhD research from 2019 to 2022

1.3     The age of the Anthropocene - Capitalocene

1.4     Single case study context: The city of Vejle as a representative of East Jutland

1.4.1      Vejle’s ‘Kanten/The Edge’ design competition

1.5     Research gap – Seaweed as a representative of the marine realm

1.5.1      Why Seaweed? – The forgotten actor

1.5.2      Seaweed’s ecosystem services

1.5.3      Current barriers to integrating and utilising seaweed  

1.6     An initial hypothesis of Urban Seascaping with seaweed  

1.7     Research scope and limitations

1.8     Ethics, biases and validity

To conclude



Introduction to Part II

2.1      Main methods in qualitative research

2.1.1      Semi-structured interviews and workshops with experts

2.1.2      Site visits – Field observations

2.1.3      Transdisciplinary research context

2.2     Main methodology – Research-through-design

2.2.1      Mapping as Research-through-design

2.2.2      Limits of maps

2.2.3      Mapping the invisible

2.2.4     New emerging hybrid maps

2.2.5      Scaled System Thinking Approach

2.2.6     Hybrid network mapping

2.3     Mappings for Urban Seascaping with seaweed in Vejle  

2.3.1      MAP 1 (Master map): Multi-scalar Map – A critical analysis of Kanten/The Edge competition

2.3.2      MAP 2: The State-of-the-art Map: Mini case studies 

2.3.3      MAP 3: Temporal-Projective Map for future strategies in Vejle

To conclude



Introduction to Part III

3.1      The Scale of the Problem

3.1.1      The wicked problem of living on the edge

3.1.2      Risk of inundation in coastal cities of Denmark  

3.1.3      The “hard approach” and its limits

3.1.4      The Death and Life of Great Danish Coastal Nature  

3.1.5      Urban transformation of coastal cities - Urban sprawl to ocean sprawl 

3.1.6      “Terrestrial bias” 

3.1.7      Nature vs Culture binary at the coast

3.2      Departing from the status quo

3.2.1      “Blue Urbanism and Coastal Urbanism” – Beyond the Green

3.2.2      The living coast – The Soft Approach

3.2.3      Hybrid Approach

3.2.4     The role of the blue urban commons

3.2.5      A relational approach to water

3.3      What is Urban Seascaping?

Proposition I: Multispecies coexistence (with seaweed) 

Proposition II: Invite the agency of the (rising) sea

Proposition III: Beyond the edge (to a zone) 

Proposition IV: Making the invisible visible

To conclude



Introduction to Part IV

4.1      MAP 1: Multiscalar mapping as deep site analysis 

4.1.1      Kanten/The Edge scale

   Introduction to Vejle Municipality’s assessment criteria for Kanten/The Edge design competition

   Notable entries from Kanten/The Edge design competition

4.1.2      Fjordbyen (Fjord City) scale/networks

4.1.3      Vejle Fjord scale/networks

4.1.4      Watershed (regional) scale/networks

4.1.5      National water scale/networks

4.1.6      Global water scale/networks

4.1.7      Seaweed networks

4.2      MAP 3: Temporal-Projective mapping

4.2.1      Looking at Vejle’s main turning points in history  

4.2.2     The Anthropocene: Now to 2756



Introduction to Part V

5.1     Urban Seascaping as a research contribution

5.1.1      Seaweed as a catalyst of urban transformation in the age of the Capitalocene-Anthropocene

5.2     Key learnings from the Kumu mapping analysis and projection of Kanten/The Edge

5.2.1      “Beyond the edge” - Deconstructing the conventional notion of a site

5.2.2      The value of transdisciplinary collaboration

5.2.3      The invisible actors

5.2.4     After Retreat: New Blue Urban Commons

5.3     Shortfalls of Urban Seascaping

5.3.1      Shortfalls of Kumu Mapping

5.4     Future research avenues

5.4.1      Potential role of local 1:1 scale implementation and adaptive architecture

5.4.2     Informative tools and imaginative visions

5.4.3     Changing ecologies and cultural heritage

5.5     Conclusion – A summary of findings

5.5.1      Urban Seascaping as a critical proposition

5.5.2      Urban Seascaping as an analytical and curatorial tool 





List of Figures

List of Tables

Appendix 1: Reference of sources for GIS data (Danish) 

Appendix 2: The profiles of all the interviewees

Appendix 3-9: Interview notes with experts

Appendix 3: Interview notes with Ole Mouritsen from Copenhagen University

Appendix 4: Interview notes with Michael Palmgren from Malmo Marine Centre

Appendix 5: Interview questions for the winners of Kanten/The Edge competition

Appendix 6: Interview notes with Elizabeth MacPherson from Canterbury University

Appendix 7: Interview notes with Teis Boderskov from Aarhus University

Appendix 8: Interview notes with Steen Hedrup from Vejle Fjordhave

Appendix 9: Interview notes with Dorte Krause-Jensen from Aarhus University

Appendix 10: Notes and photos from workshops, meetings, events, field trips and festivals

Appendix 11: Kanten/The Edge related: Inspiration videos, meeting notes, and judges' report

   Virtual start-up inspiration seminar for design competition Kanten/The Edge

Appendix 11A: Video 1: The City, Water, and Art – A common ground by Lisbeth Wolters 

Appendix 11B: Video 2: Ecosystem services in Vejle Fjord by Mads Fjeldsø Madsen 

Appendix 11C: Video 5: A different perspective on the water – on asking new questions by Marie Markman 

Appendix 11D: Meeting Minutes from the deliberation meetings

Appendix 11E: Excerpts from the Judge’s Report (translated into English) 

Appendix 12: Realdania network-related activities

Appendix 13: List and map of seaweed found in Vejle fjord 

KUMU MAP I: Multiscalar

KUMU MAP II: State-of-the-art

KUMU MAP III: Temporal-Projective



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