Gradient

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Lighthouses are global visual symbols of sea level rise and shoreline retreat as they are relocated inland https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/22/danish-lighthouse-put-on-wheels-to-move-it-away-from-eroding-sea The 80-metre move of the lighthouse Rubjerg Knude cost £580,000 . 22 Oct 2019. 13

  • Figure 2. (Faragò et al., 2018) 15

  • Figure 3. Absolute mean water level around Denmark in metres for the years 1900-2100 (REF?) 17

  • Figure 4. Hybrid approach. 24

  • Figure 5. 29

  • Figure 6. Ecosystem services?. 36

  • Figure 7. Forgotten/unknown aesthetic qualities of seaweed by artist/photographer Islin… also artist in Finland with seaweed – Julia Lohmann. 36

  • Figure 8. The Shallows project - Nature part of The Layered Approach by SCAPE Studio (zone between water and land?) 37

  • Figure 9. Social (e.g. educational program, community outreach, co creation), ecological (e.g. bio diversity), physical (e.g. levees and protection systems) – form of analysis related to the three factors. 41

  • Figure 10. DLand project – re draw this diagram into 3 zones. (Also with Rural, Urban, Coastal/waterfront, Marine zone) 46

  • Figure 11. The shallows: Bay nourishment Brroklyn and Queens NYC pg 222 (key missing in this diagram need to rescan next page) 54

  • Figure 12. View of Wellington harbour from … well used by people as a public place of contemplation and interaction (comment that people are more likely to approach interventions like this as opposed to rocks as it invites safety and walkability) 56

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